Types of weather storms and their causes

Types of weather storms and their causes

Weather storms occur as a result of natural changes on the surface of the Earth. These storms may have positive effects on living organisms, such as rainfall, etc., and negative effects that threaten life, such as earthquakes and volcanoes. Weather storms are divided into three main types that differ in their characteristics, characteristics, and reasons for their formation:


It is also called a dust storm, and it forms when the wind speed exceeds 50 km/hour over sandy beaches or dirt surfaces. This type of storm exists in various places in the world but is common in regions of the Middle East, especially the Gulf countries and areas of North Africa. Sandstorms have a significant impact. It affects human health due to the suspended dust, pollutants, and sandy dirt it carries.

Sandstorms are formed as a result of increased wind speed, which leads to the disintegration of sand and dust particles, rising into the air and rotating them. Desertification of the soil as a result of lack of vegetation also plays a major role in the formation of sandstorms.


Thunderstorms generally occur when hot air rises rapidly, causing rain and sometimes hail, and positive and negative electrical charges are discharged, resulting in lightning, followed by the sound of thunder.

Occurring largely in mid-latitude regions as well as in temperate and tropical regions, thunderstorms often produce flash floods and tornadoes and vary into isolated (unicellular), multicellular, or supercell thunderstorms. 


Snowstorms are considered one of the most severe types of storms because they are accompanied by extreme cold, strong winds, and often road and airport closures. Snowstorms occur in several different regions of the world, but America, Canada, and northern Russia are among the most famous of these regions. Wind speeds in such types of storms reach 56 km/h or more.

Snowstorms usually form as a result of the large pressure difference between one area and another, and thus strong winds are generated. 

Weather storm concept

A weather storm is one of the weather phenomena associated with the movement of rapid winds, usually carrying rain, snow, or sand. Storms also vary in their duration, size, areas they cover, and the damage they cause.

The least harmful storms affect at least areas of up to 25 km² and may last for a few hours, while violent and powerful storms such as tropical storms and tornadoes may affect entire continents and may last for weeks and cause severe damage in most cases.


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