The concept of manufacturing industries
The concept of the manufacturing industry refers to the process of processing raw materials in order to turn them into finished goods, through the use of machinery, labor, and chemical processing processes, and the manufacturing industry is one of the main types of industry, where manufacturing operations begin By designing the product, then selecting the raw materials needed for manufacturing, and then applying various processing processes with the aim of providing the final product, then the product can be sold directly to the consumer, or to wholesalers to distribute it to retailers, or provide it to other manufacturers for Its use in the production of more complex products.
Types of manufacturing industries
Production in the manufacturing industry is divided into 3 main types, and the following is an explanation for each of them:
It is a traditional strategy, as it relies on past sales in order to predict consumer demand, and plans for future products based on those data. The downsides of this strategy are the use of past data in order to predict future orders, and this means the possibility of canceling orders, thus resulting in a large unused inventory. Or there is a shortage of production at the manufacturers.
This strategy enables individuals to order products according to their own standards and specifications, as the manufacturing process begins upon receipt of the order, which means waiting for the customer for a long time until the product is finished manufacturing, but the adoption of this type of production reduces the risk of excess inventory.
This strategy relies on demand expectations in order to store the basic components of the product, as the process of assembling the final product begins after receiving the order, and it is noteworthy that this type represents a mixture of the previous types, as it enables individuals to order their products according to their own specifications and receive the products faster because the company The manufacturer owns the basic components, but if orders are not received from individuals, it leaves a stockpile of unwanted materials.
There are many different types of manufacturing sectors, the most prominent of which are the following:
- Food and drinks.
- Tissues, leather, and clothing.
- wood and paper.
- Oil, coal, chemicals, plastics, and rubber.
- Non-metallic minerals, base metals, and manufactured metals.
- Computer, electronics, equipment, and electrical appliances.
- Heavy machinery.
- Transportation includes; Ships, planes, and cars.
- The steel industry, tools, and molds.
The importance of the manufacturing industry
The importance of manufacturing industries lies in many aspects, the most important of which are:
- Providing and delivering goods to the market.
- Forming an aspect of industrial import, as well as boosting the economy in the country; As the manufacturing process adds value to materials, as manufacturing allows companies to sell final products at a price higher than the value of the raw materials used in making them, as determined by the Companies Council, in addition to being well examined by economists.
- Representing business ventures in which manufacturers need to cover costs, fulfill orders, and create a final product to supply the market.
Manpower in manufacturing industries
The size and type of manpower required to vary in the manufacturing sectors; Depending on the type of product, handicrafts can be made using basic tools and largely based on traditional methods, including the production of textiles, leather goods, and decorative utensils.
Machines are used to produce materials on a large industrial scale associated with mass production, by using assembly line processes and advanced technologies as prerequisites. Efficient manufacturing techniques enable manufacturers to take advantage of abundant mass production and produce more materials at a lower cost.
The history of manufacturing industries
The history of the manufacturing industries dates back to several centuries, where the ideal factory in the past was limited to the presence of a skilled craftsman and a group of auxiliary workers, and each craftsman kept secrets of production and passed on his experience to the trainees only, but the occurrence of the Industrial Revolution constituted a pivotal point in the history of the manufacturing industries, where the revolution led To the use of new technologies such as steam engines, which contributed to the introduction of machines in the production process, which led to an increase in the number of goods produced.
Factories began mass production of goods at the beginning of the twentieth century, and manufacturing at the present time is an essential element for the growth and prosperity of the economy, as technological developments allow the introduction of machines into production as well as improving efficiency, and increasing productivity in general, In the future, as long as humans need food, clothing, and transportation.
Technologies in Manufacturing
Technological techniques are often used in manufacturing to control all processes, and the following are the most preferred techniques in manufacturing processes:
- Additive Fabrication: Addition manufacturing is the joining of two materials together, where rapid prototyping that assembles physical components are produced using computer-aided design data, and this technology is the most common, while other techniques are used, such as laser sintering, and 3D printing.
- Software: This technology includes the use of business automation and inventory management tools to help plan required materials, inventory control, and accounting operations. A distinguished program capable of financial management, and warehouse management with high accuracy.
- Automated Systems: Automated systems use artificial intelligence, as manufacturers rely on it to make sound and wise decisions about improving manufacturing goals, and this technology is a good step in order to produce good quality goods and also ensures the acceleration of manufacturing processes.
The difference between manufacturing and extractive industries
The manufacturing industry is a method of processing raw materials using various processing mechanisms, machines, and manpower to produce finished goods and can be used directly after reaching the final product and selling it to the consumer. natural; Such as oil, gold, copper, and other minerals from the ground through drilling, pumping and mining operations, and the extractive industries are divided into the mining, oil, and gas sectors.
The extractive industries are among the most important industries that are relied upon in the Arab world. Due to the availability of oil and many other natural resources in its lands, the most prominent problems facing the industry in the Arab world are the lack of funding and investments in this type of industry, in addition to the lack of interest in developing the industrial sector.