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How to make perfume

Fragrance Perfume

is a product that is made by mixing natural materials and industrial materials with a beautiful smell in accurate proportions to obtain a distinctive smell. The development of the perfume industry since that time, as there are now many types of perfumes that can be purchased from the markets, which differ in the type and concentration of the aromatic substance in them, such as cologne, toilet water, and other types of perfumes, in addition to the entry of perfumes into the composition of many products, such as soaps, cosmetics, deodorants, after-shave creams, and bath oils.

Perfume ingredients Perfumes consist of natural, plant, and animal materials, in addition to industrial materials, and these components include essential oils that are extracted from plants in several ways, including the following:

  • Steam distillation: It is done by exposing the plant to a high temperature. Solvent extraction This method is used to extract sensitive essential oils that cannot stand high temperatures.
  • Alcohol is usually used as a solvent, and it produces concentrated oils called.
  • Extraction by impregnation in fat: The flower petals are placed between layers of pure animal fat, which is saturated after a while with flower oil, and then alcohol is used to obtain the concentrated oil.
  • Extraction by pressing: It is used to obtain citrus oils from the peels of the fruit, and the peels can be squeezed manually, or using machines.
  • Animal products that have a beautiful smell are used to stabilize the aromatic odor and delay the evaporation of volatile oils, including amber extracted from sperm whales, musk extracted from musk deer, and castoreum extracted from beavers, and civet extracted from civet cats.

How to make perfume

Perfume industry

Perfume is one of the most beautiful gifts we receive or give, and the most beautiful to gift our loved ones a beautiful perfume made by our hands, as it will consist of the scents that we prefer or those preferred by those who will be gifted perfume, in addition to that it will be a product free of chemicals, and here It must be noted that it is necessary to adhere to the order of mixing the materials, to obtain the desired result, and the following is how to make perfumes at home:

Materials needed

The basic ingredients for making all perfumes are as follows:

  • Half of the jojoba oil or sweet almond oil.
  • Half an ounce to two ounces of ethanol.
  • Two tablespoons of distilled water.
  • coffee filter. Dark-colored glass bottle.
  • 7 drops of essential oil, which is the oil whose smell lasts the longest on the skin, and its types are Cedarwood oil, Cinnamon oil, Patchouli oil, Sandalwood oil, Vanilla oil, Lichen oil, and Fern.
  • 7 drops of the middle notes, which are more volatile than essential oils, including clove oil, geranium oil, citrus or lemongrass oil, neroli oil, nutmeg oil, and ylang-ylang oil.
  • 6-7 drops of a clear grade essential oil, which is one of the most volatile essential oils of its types: bergamot oil, jasmine oil, lavender oil, lemon oil, lime oil, orchid oil, and rose oil.
  • Two points of linking oils, which are oils with a medium evaporation degree, and they can bind the components of perfume together, and their types are lavender oil, or vanilla (can be dispensed with).

How to prepare

After preparing the necessary ingredients, the following steps are followed to prepare the perfume:

  • Add sweet almond oil or jojoba oil to the bottle.
  • Essential oils are added in the following order: first essential oils, then medium grades, then transparent grades, then two drops of linking oil are added, which is optional.
  • Add alcohol to the oil mixture.
  • The bottle is shaken for two minutes and then left to settle for a period ranging from two to six weeks, as the strength of the fragrance increases with time, and the steps can be completed when the desired strength of the fragrance is reached.
  • When the desired strength of the fragrance is reached, distilled water is added, the bottle is shaken to mix the ingredients, then filtered using a coffee filter, then the mixture is transferred to a dark bottle, and filled so that there is no room for air; Light and air degrade many essential oils.
  • Add more water if the fragrance is more strong than required, and a tablespoon of glycerin can be added to keep the fragrance smell longer.
  • Close the bottle tightly, and keep away from light and heat.

Solid perfume industry

Solid perfume can be made by following these steps:

  • Providing the necessary materials:
  1. A tablespoon of beeswax, or petroleum jelly.
  2. A tablespoon of jojoba oil, or sweet almond oil.
  3. 8-15 drops of essential oil.
  • Put jojoba oil, sweet almond oil, beeswax, or petroleum jelly in a bowl and melt using the microwave, or in a water bath.
  • Remove the mixture from the heat source, add the essential oil, and stir with a spoon that can be re-washed or a toothpick.
  • The liquid is poured into a small container, and a lid is placed on it, but left partially open, to prevent condensation inside the can and to reduce the chances of any contamination.
  • Perfume is used by taking a small amount of perfume with a finger and rubbing it on the area to be perfumed.

Vanilla perfume industry

Natural vanilla sticks are somewhat expensive, so it is preferable to buy a quantity of it and keep it and prepare the perfume from it in stages, or to prepare the perfume from the entire quantity and present it as gifts to some people on personal occasions, eight sticks of large size may suffice to prepare the perfume, and the quantity can be increased To enrich the smell of vanilla and increase its concentration and intensity. Here it should be noted that whenever you leave the vanilla in alcohol, it gives a strong fragrance and a dark, concentrated color. Here is how to make vanilla perfume:

The ingredients

  • Eight to ten sticks of vanilla.
  • alcohol.
  • Two hundred and fifty milliliters of jojoba oil.

How to prepare

  • Cut the sticks lengthwise and open and scrape the vanilla paste inside using a sharp knife.
  • Cut the vanilla bean into pieces.
  • Place the vanilla paste and the chopped sticks in a glass bowl with a tight lid.
  • Pour the alcohol over the vanilla paste and the chopped sticks in the glass bowl, making sure that the amount is enough to completely submerge the ingredients, and top it by 6.53 mm.
  • Be sure to use alcohol with a concentration of at least 70%.
  • The alcohol with the vanilla is left for several weeks in a well-sealed glass container, and stored in a cool, dark place for a period ranging from three weeks to three months, during which time the vanilla fragrance oozes and the fragrance acquires color.
  • Shake the ingredients from time to time to soak well, and the smell of vanilla is distributed throughout the liquid.
  • It is preferable to test the vanilla liquid on the skin before mixing the essential oil, even if it smells good and is well prepared, by placing a small amount of the liquid on the inner wrist of the hand, and leaving it to dry for five to ten seconds, and if the results are good, the essential oil is mixed.
  • The vanilla fragrance is left in alcohol for a longer period of time if the concentration is light when tested on the skin.
  • A piece of perforated cloth is placed over the mouth of the glass container in which the perfume is to be stored, provided that it is clean and sufficient to cover the two sides, to enable it to be secured with a string or a rubber band.
  • The alcohol and vanilla mixture is poured through the fabric, to filter it from any residue or impurities and the rest of the ingredients are pressed to obtain the vanilla extract, and the container is sealed well.
  • Jojoba oil is added to the vanilla and alcohol in the amount of 30 ml, and it can be replaced with sweet almond oil.
  • Shake the glass container to mix the vanilla with the essential oil, and it is preferable to shake the can before each use so that the oil does not separate from the perfume, and it can be kept for three to four months if it is stored properly.

Manufacture of various essential oils perfume

This amount is enough to fill a small bottle, essential oils can be purchased at food stores and preferably pure and safe essential oils.

the ingredients

  • 443 grams of jojoba oil.
  • 443 grams of distilled water.
  • Five drops of jasmine oil.
  • Three drops of lemon oil.
  • Three drops of orange oil.
  • Three drops of sandalwood oil.

How to prepare

  • Combine the ingredients together in a small glass bottle, and mix well.
  • Shake the bottle well. The perfume is sprayed on the wrist, neck, or behind the ear to the last longer, staying for two or three hours.

Natural fruit fragrance

Carrier oils increase the stability of the fragrance for a longer period and keep the essential oils from evaporating during a short period.

The ingredients

  • Sweet orange oil.
  • Tangerine oil.
  • Atlantic cedarwood oil.
  • Orange blossom oil.
  • Carrier oils consist of olive oil, avocado oil, coconut oil, and grape seed oil.
  • Roll-on glass canister (roller cap).

How to prepare

  • The essential oils are collected in a small glass container, two drops of sweet orange oil, three drops of tangerine oil, three drops of neroli, and two drops of Atlantic cedarwood oil are added. The essential oils are collected in a small glass container, then mix the ingredients together.
  • Three drops of the essential oil mixture are added to the glass roller container, and the rest of the mixture is reserved for further use.
  • One of the carrier oils is added to the essential oils in an amount that is sufficient to fill the glass roller case. You can choose a type of carrier oil, but grape seed oil is the most appropriate and best, followed by coconut oil as well.


There are some notes when using perfumes, including:
  • It should be noted that acidic oils increase the sensitivity of the skin to direct sunlight, so care must be taken to put an appropriate sunscreen on the skin before going out.
  • It is preferable to conduct an allergy test, especially for people who use the essential oils that were mentioned for the first time. Several drops of essential oils and several drops of the used carrier oil are placed and the oils are mixed together and applied to the skin. If the skin is exposed to redness and swelling, it means that it is sensitive to the oils used.
  • Perfumes are applied to the wrist and behind the ears, for added safety.
  • Pregnant women and children should not use this perfume.

flower perfume industry

Flower perfume can be made with natural ingredients at home, as follows:

the ingredients:

  • Three-quarters of a cup of rose petals.
  • Half a glass of alcohol.
  • Two and a half cups of distilled water.
  • Two to three drops of essential oil.

How to prepare:

  • Put the rose petals in a deep glass bowl, and cover them with alcohol.
  • Cover the bowl and leave it for a day in a cool, dark place.
  • Crush the rose petals with a spoon or a metal fork.
  • Add distilled water and essential oil to the bowl.
  • Cover the perfume container, and leave it for a period ranging from 5 to 7 days, with the need to move it once a day.
  • Pour the perfume into a clean glass perfume bottle, and shake it when using.

Kinds of perfume

Perfumes are classified according to the scent prevailing in them, or the main components in them into several groups, which are as follows:

  • Floral fragrances: contain a mixture of floral scents, such as jasmine, rose, lily of the valley, and gardenia.
  • Spice fragrances: contain a mixture of cloves, common cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg.
  • Woody fragrances: It includes the scent of wood, including vetiver, sandalwood, and cedar wood.
  • Lichen perfumes: It consists of the scents of lichens, including oak lichens.
  • Oriental perfumes: It consists of a mixture of woody scents, lichens, spices, vanilla or balsam, and musk or civet is used to fix these scents.
  • Herbal perfumes: These include scents such as the smell of clover and the smell of sweet herbs.
  • Leather and tobacco fragrances: These include leather, tobacco, and birch tar fragrances. 
  • Aldehydes perfume: It consists of aldehydes, in addition to floral components.

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