The continent of Africa is one of the oldest continents in the world and contains many diverse natural resources. It is the second continent in the world in terms of an area of up to 30,000,000 km², and the number of its countries reaches the equivalent of 54 countries, and they are similar together in a set of common characteristics, However, they differ from each other in the proportion of natural and economic resources, population density, and geographical area.
The continent of Africa has a global share of the production of most raw materials; The African economy depends on the industry, trade, agriculture, and tourism, but it suffers from weakness; Because of the lack of sufficient capacity to exploit natural resources in the best way, and this thing appears clearly as a result of the suffering of a large number of African people from poverty; This prompts many African countries to export primary commodities and raw materials to international countries to obtain foreign money.
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Equatorial Guinea is the richest African country
Equatorial Guinea is the richest African country in 2016, according to data from the International Monetary Fund, which indicates that the purchasing power of individuals from the GDP of Equatorial Guinea is about $38,699.093, and the following is a set of information about Equatorial Guinea:
Equatorial Guinea is located on the western side of the continent of Africa, and it extends between longitudes 5-30°-20-11° in the east, and latitudes 1-25-3°45° in the north, and it shares a northern border with Cameroon, as for the two southern sides. The eastern side is bordered by Gabon, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and its area is 28,051 km². Malabo is its official capital. The tropical climate affects the general weather in Equatorial Guinea.
The reliance on benefiting from oil and gas reserves in the 1990s contributed to supporting economic growth in Equatorial Guinea; Which led to an increase in the GDP rate to more than $29,000 in 2014, and the agriculture and forestry sector constitutes a minor part of the value of the GDP; Equatorial Guinea depends on cocoa, which contributes to a percentage of its economic-financial returns.
Equatorial Guinea hosted two conferences on economic diversification in 2014; In order to focus on investing in it, the main focus was on five sectors: financial services, tourism, petrochemicals and mining, fishing and animal husbandry, and agriculture. The mineral resources of Equatorial Guinea include zinc, diamonds, gold, and other minerals.
The estimated population of Equatorial Guinea in 2016 was 870,000, according to the United Nations. The population of Equatorial Guinea constitutes diverse ethnic groups: Fang, Bobe, Medo, Annobon, Bugibba, and other ethnic groups and minorities. Like the Fang language and the Bubi language, Christianity spreads among the population; Where most of them belong to the Roman Catholic sect, and pagan worship is also spread among other population groups.
The geography of Equatorial Guinea is diverse and includes many forms of geographical terrain, the most important of which is the coast of Rio Muni, which forms the extension of the continental part of the country on the shores of low cliffs to the south. A coastal plain is located 12 miles from the coastal hills; This leads to the emergence of internal plateaus that rise towards the common border with the state of Gabon. As for the central range, it forms bodies of water from the Mbeni River Basin, extending to the north of the southern basin of the Otamboni River. The coastal plain contains a group of sediments. The remote areas in Equatorial Guinea, they are It consists of metamorphic rocks affected by various processes of erosion and leaching; This led to a weakening of the resulting soil.
Equatorial Guinea contains many distinctive natural and tourist attractions, and the following is information about the most important of them:
- Boyko Island: It is a volcanic island that reflects the beauty of nature in Equatorial Guinea. The island covers a group of rainforests and jungles and is home to many endangered organisms. There are beaches that contain sea turtles on the southern coast of the island.
- Bata: It is the main point of entry to the territory of Equatorial Guinea, and contains many new roads in which electric lights spread, which appeared during the decade of innovations in the city.
- Monte Allen National Park: It is a park approximately two hours from Bata; It is a nature reserve of 540 square miles, and contains many large African animals; It is home to gorillas, forest elephants, birds, and crocodiles.
- Corsico Island: It is an island that reflects the nature of traditional life in Africa and also contributes to reminding the Spanish colonization of Africa, and the communities on the island are very small and contribute to preserving the nature of their traditional life.
A group of archaeological discoveries indicates the spread of Sanguan culture throughout Equatorial Guinea in an early period of time. In 1471 AD, the Portuguese discovered the lands of Annobon in Equatorial Guinea, which were uninhabited at that time; So they were keen to try to develop it, and in 1778 AD, Portugal transferred the lands of Fernando Po, Annobon, and the coast extending from Niger to modern Gabon, so that they all became under Spanish occupation, and in 1958 AD Equatorial Guinea became known as Spanish Guinea, and it became one of the provinces of Spain, and in 1964 AD it was established two provinces: Rio Muni and Fernando Po (with an independent government), and in 1968 a sovereign government won; This led to the country gaining its independence, and it is known as the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.