The health effects of war on humans
Wars affect a man and cause him many health effects, some of which are listed below:
- Wars cause bodily injury to individuals, civilian or military, which results in either disability or death.
- Wars affect human mental health, resulting in psychological and mental disorders that may extend for long periods of time, and the impact of which may be transmitted from one generation to another.
- Wars result in the destruction of the infrastructure that supports the general health of the community, such as the sectors of food systems, medical care, hygiene, transportation, communications, and electric power.
Psychological effects of war on humans
Psychological effects on soldiers and their families
Wars have many psychological effects on soldiers and their families, and the bulk of these effects appear after the soldiers return to their homes and families, here are some points that clarify these effects on the soldier and his family members:
- The psychological impact on the soldier himself: Most soldiers feel, while they are away from their homeland, intense loneliness and an urgent desire for isolation as a result of many factors, but such symptoms can be reduced by communicating with their families and supporting them through the means of communication available at the time, while soldiers may face a new stage of psychological crises.Which may appear in the form of depression, disorders, and anxiety, in addition to their suffering from other injuries in different areas of the body as a result of these wars.
- The psychological impact on the soldier’s relationship with his partner: the partner will face great responsibilities during the absence of his partner from the home in matters of child care, home affairs, and financial management of family income, as these responsibilities are reflected in the form of anxiety and great psychological pressure on both parties, but after the soldier’s return his cases will be reflected The psychological impact of the relationship with his partner, as the turmoil that both parties suffer from will result in marital problems that may develop into family violence.
- Psychological impact on children: The psychological effects begin to appear on the children of the conscript during his absence, while the reactions of the children vary according to the age group of each of them. In eating habits, or in the occurrence of a state of indifference in the child.
Psychological effects on civilians
The psychological state of civilians has received wide attention by many international institutions, as the World Bank has estimated that there are more than one billion people around the world who have lived in areas affected by armed conflicts and wars, and on the other hand, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has estimated that there are approximately 60 million Civilians who have been displaced and forcibly displaced from their homes to other areas due to the war that made their lives at risk, as of 2015, and this number is considered the largest number of refugees recorded since World War II, and these huge numbers aroused wide interest, in order to develop policies to deal with unrest psychological effects that may appear on civilians as a result of the war, as many studies and research have proven that civilians who have lived through war, or who have been displaced from their country, are more likely to suffer from depression, psychological trauma, and severe psychological distress than other people who have not been displaced from their country, or who live harsh war conditions.
Psychological effects on children
The psychological effects of wars on children vary according to the stage the child is going through, which requires dealing with children in a special and different way from others because they are still going through a stage of intellectual, physical, emotional, and social maturity, and the child’s exposure to the pressures of war results in many and far effects.
The term, wars affect the development and construction of his personality, and his internal standards of right and wrong, and also affect the control of his aggressive reactions, in addition to the health problems that they leave behind him that affect the nerves, and as many specialists mentioned, the child's lack of awareness - in most cases - of what On the other hand, the child may not be able to express his pain and sorrows that he went through during that, and his internal conflicts and feelings turn into words that push him to use other methods of expressing them that may appear in the form of aggressive behaviors later.
The economic effects of war on people
Wars lead to very large economic losses and costs, starting with the country’s loss of infrastructure, a large number of buildings, the creation of a state of uncertainty for citizens, and the rise in public debt on the state, in addition to the human losses they cause, and the following is an explanation of some of the effects of wars :
- Inflation: Wars in many circumstances can lead to economic inflation, which will make the financial system lose the confidence of citizens. In the American Civil War, for example, the Confederacy faced the high costs of the war that exceeded its capabilities at the time by printing money in order to pay the salaries of soldiers owed on it. , which resulted in a sharp decline in its value, which made the value of the money saved by middle-class citizens in particular not worth anything and hyperinflation in this way are one of the signs of the end of the war, in 1946 AD Hungary and Austria witnessed the highest rates of inflation in their economic system.
- High state indebtedness: During wars, countries often witness a rapid rise in public debt in the government sector; This is because the state is willing to borrow more than usual in order to support and strengthen its system during the war, for example, the United Kingdom faced a sharp rise in the national debt during the first and second wars, as the national debt of the United Kingdom at the end of World War II reached 150%, It increased in the fifties until it reached 240 percent, and the reason for this was to take advantage of these expenditures in the reconstruction and creation of a state at a certain level of prosperity, as the United Kingdom relied on loans from the United States of America to deal with these crises, while it took them to repay these loans several contracts.
- Civil wars: Civil wars are one of the things that pose the most danger to any country. This type of war is a major factor in destroying the economy because countries are witnessing a decline in investment at the local and foreign levels, and the weakening they face in the domestic tourism sector, As stated in the report "Africa's Wasted Billions", the volume of international aid provided to Africa is equal to the cost of the war itself, and civil wars have many effects, as the Democratic Republic of the Congo experienced a very difficult civil war that resulted in the killing of nearly 4 million people, in addition to financial losses. It amounted to 9 billion pounds.
- The size of the costs: wars result in a large number of financial costs, and this cost varies according to the duration and type of the war, its course, and its results. Expenses also differ according to the damage caused, as the money spent in repairing the destruction caused by the war is taken into account, In addition to the irreparable human losses.
The long-term effects of war
War has many effects that appear in the short term, but its long-term impact is also catastrophic.
War has a significant impact on the health and well-being of individuals in societies, as many studies have shown that wars have caused more deaths and disabilities than any number caused by any serious disease.
Another, and danger of wars lies in the fact that they destroy families that are the basis of societies, which results in an imbalance in the social fabric of the state, in addition to the aforementioned physical and psychological effects on individuals, wars result in a significant decrease in material and human capital, in addition to What these wars cause indirect loss of individual lives.
There are studies - albeit not conclusive - that indicate the link between wars and other dangerous phenomena such as the spread of poverty, malnutrition, various disabilities, psychological and social diseases, and a large number of countless problems.
The term wars refer to those conflicts arising between different political groups, during which illegal hostilities have been practiced that result in great damage, and war is defined according to sociologists as conflicts that take place between different independent, internationally recognized entities, not all conflicts are called wars, as the difference In the nature of the conflicting parties results in a difference in the names of these conflicts, so the armed conflicts that arise between strong countries and weak peoples who are unable to defend themselves, for example, are called military campaigns or occupation, while the same type of conflict is called (war) if the resistance continues during a long period of time.
Multiple conflicts throughout the ages have aroused the interest of experts and decision-makers in the world; This prompted them to enact programs, laws, and legislation that preserve human rights during their outbreak, and they established many laws that preserve these rights, including the Human Rights Law, the Refugee Law, and the Basic Law, which are laws that prohibit acts of violence, discrimination, and torture, and clarify the manner of conflict, and how to deal With prisoners, protecting the emblems of the Red Cross, and other matters related to the conduct of wars, however, this did not prevent wars from violating human rights and causing many negative effects, both short and long-term.