area of brazil
The Federative Republic of Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world, and the largest country in the continent of South America, with a total area of about 8,515,770 square kilometers; It is divided into land with an area of 8,358,140 km², and water bodies with an area of 157,630 km², and Brazil is one of the most diverse tropical countries in the world, where the proportion of agricultural land is about 31% of the land area, and forests constitute 56%, and grasslands constitute 13%, Natural reserves, including protected forests, represent 18%, in terms of water diversity; Brazil contains 12% of the world's freshwater reserves, and more than 20,000 km² of marshes, reservoirs, and estuaries, in addition to the largest basin for draining the Amazon River.
geography of brazil
Brazil is naturally divided into five diverse natural regions, differing among themselves by the nature of the existing landscapes and the prevailing climate, which made the Republic of Brazil a special country, and the focus of the attention of visitors over time, and it is worth noting that Brazil does not contain any desert environment, or high mountains Altitude, or a frozen polar environment, and these divisions are as follows:
- The Amazon Rainforest Region: The Amazon Rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest around the world, fed by the Amazon River and its tributaries, which number more than two hundred rivers, in addition to the presence of more than twelve tributaries under the list of the longest rivers around the world, including the São River Francisco is considered the longest river within the borders of Brazil.
- The Northern Guiana Highlands: The Guiana Highlands is the highest high point in Brazil, and the northern region of South America is characterized as a flat mountainous region covered with rainforests, in addition to the presence of a large number of unique waterfalls around the world.
- The Brazilian Highlands: The Brazilian Highlands extends from Rio de Janeiro to the city of Fortaleza in the north. These highlands consist of low-altitude mountain ranges covered with forests, through which river valleys are located, and are a natural barrier between the interior of Brazil and the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Pantanal Basin: The Pantanal Basin is the largest wetland and freshwater swamp around the world, where the wet plains that feed on the waters of the tributaries of rivers extend seasonally, and the size of the basin is approximately fifteen times the size of the Everglades Basin in Florida.
- Southern Highlands: Where the southern highlands extend along the area in the south and west of Curitiba
Brazil's borders and dimensions
Brazil shares internal borders of more than 15,700 kilometers with most of the countries of South America except for the Republic of Chile and the Republic of Ecuador, where it is bordered on the south by the Republic of Uruguay, and meets with the Republic of Argentina, Paraguay, and Bolivia on the southwest side, and on the western side it meets the Republic of Peru, and in In the northwest with the Republic of Colombia, and with the Republic of Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana in the north, Brazil also connects with the Atlantic Ocean on a coast of about 7,400 km in length.
Brazil also extends for a distance of up to 4,350 km from north to south, and from east to west to form an irregular triangle containing a variety of tropical and subtropical life, including wetlands, plateaus, savannas, and low mountains, in addition to the presence of a series of the largest Rainforest systems around the world along the Amazon basin.
The largest city in Brazil in terms of area
Brazil is on the southern and northern hemispheres, where the equator crosses the northern part of the country, and Brazil is divided into twenty-six states and one federal district, and it is worth noting that São Paulo is the largest Brazilian city in the area, and is also the largest city in North America, South America, and the Southern Hemisphere, in addition to being one of the ten largest metropolitan cities around the world.
The city of São Paulo stretches along the plateau of the Brazilian highlands stretching to the Serra do Mar mountain range, which rises a short distance from the Atlantic Ocean.
The city is located in a shallow basin with low altitude mountains to the west, and São Paulo is 350 km southwest of the city.
Rio de Janeiro, 50 km from the port of Santos.
The total area of the Republic of Brazil is distributed over a number of states, which differ in their land area as follows:
- Sao Paulo: 1,522 km²
- Rio de Janeiro: 1,260 km²
- Goiania: 789 km²
- Maceio: 510,23 km²
- Porto Alegre: 496,8 km²
- Florianopolis: 433,32 km²
- Curitiba: 430,9 km²
- Belo Horizonte: 331 km²
- Fortaleza: 314 km²
- Recife: 218 km²