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The largest country in South America

 South America

The length of the continent of South America is 7,640 km from north to south, and its width is 5,300 km from east to west, and this makes it the fourth largest continent in the world.

In the west is the Pacific Ocean.

There are 12 countries in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, as well as Suriname, Uruguay, and finally Venezuela.

The largest country in South America

The largest country in South America


Brazil occupies nearly half of the land area in South America, with an area of ​​approximately 8,515,767 square kilometers, which makes it the largest country in South America in terms of area, and also the fifth largest country in the world.

Similar to an irregular triangle, Brazil has a long border with the Atlantic Ocean and a high border with most of South America.

Argentina comes after Brazil in area, with an area of ​​approximately 2,780,352 square kilometers, and in third place is Peru, then Colombia, and then Bolivia.

Brazil gained independence from Portuguese rule in 1822 AD, after its control for three centuries, and then became under royal rule until 1888 AD when slavery was abolished, which led to its declaration of a republic in 1889 AD, and Brazil organized several sports competitions that were considered evidence of the Renaissance, such as: The World Cup (in English: FIFA) in 2014, as well as the Olympics in 2016, but it was exposed to several periods of economic crises, from which it was able to get out in 2017.


Brazil is the largest country in South America in terms of population as well, with a population of 212.39 million people in 2019, as 62% of the Brazilian population is aged 29 years or less, so it is considered a country of youth, and Brasilia is its capital, as, With a population of 2.8 million, São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil and also in the Southern Hemisphere, as well as the 12th largest city in the world, with a population of 11.9 million.

Ethnic groups in Brazil are divided into several categories, namely: 0.25% of the indigenous population, who are minorities in Brazil, 48% white, 7% black, 44% brown, and 50% yellow, depending on skin color.

Brazil has the largest number of ethnic groups of Catholic Christians in the world, 65% out of 90% of the population profess Christianity, and the remaining 22% are Protestant Christianity, and there are also several other religions, as 1.3% consider themselves spiritual, and 0.3% follow traditional African religions, 7% are not religious, while 1.3 follow other religions.

Brazilians speak Portuguese, which is the country's official and primary language.


The Amazon basin occupies 60% of the area of ​​Brazil, which is home to the most depleted rainforest in the world, and the Amazon River, a navigable river, carries the largest amount of water to the ocean compared to other rivers in the world.

The highest point in Brazil is Pico.

De Neblina, 3,014 meters high, extends most of the highlands in Brazil from the southeastern part of the country to the Great Shelf in the Atlantic Ocean.

The eastern region of Brazil suffers from regular drought, but almost the majority of Brazil has a tropical, or humid subtropical climate, where there is rain in the summer.

Because Brazil is located near the center of the South American plate, it may have little seismic and volcanic activity.


The Brazilian economy is characterized by rapid growth in the service system, which is one of the strong systems in it, where the city of São Paulo is one of the most important industrial and commercial centers in the world. Brazil is also a leading country in several areas, the most important of which is: the mining sector, it produces iron ore, tin, ore Aluminum, manganese, and gold, as well as precious stones, such as quartz, diamonds, and others.

In the field of industry, Brazil exports steel, cars, electronics, and other goods.

In the field of agriculture, interest in agriculture began in Brazil in the middle of the twentieth century However, it is a major source of coffee, oranges, and cassava, and is also a major producer of sugar, soybeans, and beef.


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