Location of the city of Venice
The city of Venice, also known as the European city of Venice, is the capital of both the province of Venice and the region of Veneto in the Italian state of Italy, notably in the northern corner of the country. From the city of Jesolo in the north to the city of Chioggia in the south, the city of Venice is located at the junction of longitude 12.33 and latitude 45.44 in the astronomical sense.
The significance of Venice's geographical position
The city of Venice's strategic location, on the great lake of Venice, helped to keep it safe from the ancient empires' invasions and upheavals, while also retaining its republican and democratic traditions. During the medieval period, Venice's distinctive geographical location also played a significant part in the city's independence.
In addition to contributing to the growth of urban areas in the area, the population desired to settle there because of its proximity to waterways, ease of access to other cities, and status as a link between West and East; on the other hand, the city's location aided in its prosperity as a major trade center between Western and Eastern Europe.
Geography of the city of Venice
Venice is located at a height of about 5 meters above sea level, with the Rialto region representing its center and highest point, and the island of Lido, which stretches for about 13 kilometers and forms a natural barrier between it and the sea, and Venice includes the Grand Canal, which divides the city from the sea.
Climate in Venice
Venice has a temperate continental climate, with cold and humid weather prevailing during the winter season, which lasts from December to February, and is marked by frequent fog, with temperatures dropping to below -5°C Celsius on the coldest days, as well as very cold winds known as the Pura winds, which contribute to light snowfall.
Summer in Venice lasts from June to August, and the weather is hot, bright, and humid, although it is quite pleasant thanks to the breeze from the Adriatic Sea. The temperature rarely exceeds 35°C in the summer.
The autumn season in Venice lasts from September to November, and it begins with pleasant weather with many sunny days and sporadic rains, gradually becoming cooler, cloudier, and rainier, and the spring season lasts from March to May, and it is characterized by some rainy and unstable weather, with some sunny days, and the annual precipitation rate for the city of Venice is around 750 mm.
Administrative division of Venice
Venice comprises a geographical area of around 412 km2 with its borders, and the city is divided administratively into six main districts:
- Cannaregio County: It is a generally quiet area characterized by the presence of residential communities, and includes the main Santa Lucia train station.
- Castello Province: It is the largest of the six provinces of Venice, located around the seaport.
- Dorsoduro District: It is known for its tranquility during the day due to its location away from the city's tourist routes, as well as the bustling mood that prevails at night and its use as a student meeting spot.
- District of San Marco: It is the most popular tourist destination in Venice since it has many famous landmarks and attractions, such as San Marco Square.
- San Polo Province: It is the smallest and oldest among the six provinces of Venice. It is distinguished by the presence of the Rialto Bridge and the famous Rialto Market.
- Santa Croce District: It is one of the cheapest areas to live in Venice, and it is characterized by being the least attractive area for tourism, and it includes a public transportation center.
Animal and plant life in Venice
The animal life in Venice is diverse, as it includes a wide range of different types of animals and birds such as starlings, poison, pigeons, bats, great titmouse, and seagulls, in addition to rats. As for plant life, the most important plants in Venice are distributed in public and private gardens and spaces. The green ones are sea fennel, aloe vera, marigold, and many other different types of plants and trees.