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What is Persia


Persia (or the Persian Empire) was the traditional name for Iran, and it encompassed all of the country's physical features as well as its economic and social milieu. Persia's beginnings can be traced back to Iranian-speaking immigrants who arrived in Asian nations in the year 1500 BC. They are also said to belong to the Caucasian tribes. Which set out for the Iranian plateau, and upon arriving in those locations, was eager to mix and mingle with the locals.

Change the name of Persia

Persia was known by this name until 1935 AD when Shah Reza Pahlavi chose to change the country's name to Iran. The word Iran is derived from the Aryans, who arrived on the western side of Persia circa 2000 BC, corresponding with the reign of the Assyrians, who were instrumental in the foundation of the Persian Empire.

Features of Persia

Persia's historic features stretched to embrace territories greater and broader than those currently covered by Iran. As it approached the Egyptian territories, it contained a diverse array of peoples, regions, and countries. Until 1979 AD, the name Fars was used to refer to the land on which Iran now stands; as a result, Iran became the most widely used name in the world.

Persia (Iran) has a large geographical area; it contains two important mountain ranges, the Alborz Mountains in the north, which extend from the northwest side of the Caucasus to the eastern side at Khorasan, and the Zagros Mountains in the south, which extend from the western side of the state to the southeastern side. Persia also has large desert areas, such as the deserts of Lut and Kwer.

A Brief History of Persia's Founding

The founding of Persia can be traced back to King Cyrus II, who occupied the Medes' capital of Ecbatana and completely controlled the Median Empire. His occupation of Media was the first step toward his founding of Persia, and he fought a series of other wars in which he relied on forging alliances with numerous rulers and kings.

After King Cyrus' reign ended, his son Campesinos II controlled Persia and seized Egypt, but he was assassinated, leaving Darius I to reclaim control of the Persian Empire and divide it into around 20 provinces, each contributing to Persia's prosperity. Darius' ideas resulted in adequate protection of public funds, thanks to his reliance on taxes, which he used to build naval weapons, subsidize public expenditures, and provide funds for specialized operations such as road construction, mineral exploration, and water irrigation support, among other things.

Between 486 and 522 BC, Darius was keen to build a network of roads across Persia, with a total length of around 3200 kilometers. This idea led to the speedy arrival of messages, and the Aramaic language was used to compose all messages sent across regions; it is a language that originated with one of the Syrian tribes and extended widely in Assyria and Babylonia, allowing it access to a wide range of other cultures.

Darius wanted to create an administrative framework for Persia, thus he made the Zoroastrian faith the state's official religion. He also wanted to establish the Achaemenid dynasty, which he did in 521 BC. He relocated the Persian Empire's capital to Susa and was eager to construct a palace and a hall dedicated to the people. With the passage of time, Persia became known for the spread of the craft of carpet-making, to the point that a single carpet became a work of art and a masterpiece held by persons living on the West Asian plateau, which stretches from Turkish countries to Iranian lands.

Architecture in Persia

Persia was distinguished by its distinctive architectural quality, which was influenced by a number of fundamental causes and theoretical considerations. The following is some background information about each of them:

basic factors

Persia's architecture is influenced by the following factors:

  • Human factors: They are the aspects of the Persians' adoration of the natural forces and elements that surround them, such as water, fire, and sun. Because the Persians had no interest in religious construction, their rituals relied on mountain climbing, which was done in a constructive manner with a rectangle or square shape. The stones are reached by a stairwell. The architecture of the royal palaces was crucial to the development of Persian architecture.

  • Environmental considerations: These are the variables that influenced the quality and design of Persia's architecture due to the country's climate and weather. The winters are bitterly cold, while the summers are scorching. As a result, the Persians were eager to design structures that would suit these climatic circumstances.

  • Technical considerations: These are factors relating to industry; the Persians had no interest in industry and relied on handicrafts for their industrial interests.

Theoretical aspects

Persia's architecture is defined by a number of theoretical features, the most notable of which are:

  • Function: It is what sets Persian architecture apart from other architectural styles. Large palaces, for example, were constructed that differed from the palaces of the Mesopotamian civilization. The Persian palace had a number of features and components that contributed to its usage as a place of dwelling as well as a center of governance.

  • Durability: This is due to the use of strong natural materials in Persian architecture, such as stones, which contributed to the monuments' endurance.


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